Trasporto urbanoSui tetti della città con un mezzo versatile
Gli innovativi sistemi funiviari Doppelmayr/Garaventa presentano numerosi vantaggi per le aree urbane. Essi superano con facilità centri abitati, corsi d'acqua e le infrastrutture esistenti e sorvolano tutti gli ostacoli presentati dal traffico. Perfettamente integrata nel piano urbanistico, ad una soluzione funiviaria urbana non si pongono limiti: in funzione della cultura, condizioni e preferenze locali dei clienti, design e dotazione vengono adattati individualmente. Nel più sicuro dei mezzi di trasporto, i passeggeri godono di nuove prospettive sulla città, il massimo comfort e collegamenti veloci.
Salita e discesa prive di barriere architettoniche rendono le funivie un'esperienza accessibile anche a passeggeri su sedia a rotelle, carrozzine e biciclette. Unendo ecologia ed elevate prestazioni gli impianti a fune risolvono in modo convincente i problemi di traffico urbano presenti e futuri, rappresentando un vantaggio per ogni città.
Attualmente, il 55% della popolazione mondiale vive in città e questo numero è destinato a salire al 70% in meno di una generazione. In conseguenza del crescente allontanamento tra le abitazioni e i luoghi di lavoro e dell'incontrollata espansione delle aree urbane, le strutture residenziali diventano sempre più complesse e le infrastrutture di trasporto esistenti raggiungono sempre più spesso i propri limiti di capacità.
Risulta quindi indispensabile adottare nuovi approcci al fine di trovare soluzioni dei problemi di trasporto attuali e futuri. Funivie e CABLE Liner, con il loro approccio innovativo, prestano un prezioso contributo al superamento di tale sfida.
Il trasporto urbano a colpo d'occhio
- Colpisce per l'impatto ambientale positivo
- Il mezzo di trasporto più sicuro
- Silenzioso, nessun gas di scarico, nessun inquinamento
- Facile combinazione con altri mezzi di trasporto
- Grande disponibilità, affidabilità e prestazioni elevate
- Alternativa economica ai mezzi di trasporto tradizionali
- Brevi periodi di costruzione
Ulteriori informazioni su email@example.com.
In the case of a ropeway, passengers or freight are transported from station to station in or on carriers (cabins, chairs or T-bars) suspended from a rope that is guided over towers. Passengers can board and disembark in the stations. The drive is electric and located in one of the stations. The main components of a ropeway are the carriers, rope, drive station and towers.
The ropeway drive is an electric motor, which is centrally located in the station. It acts directly onto the bullwheel, which propels the rope and the carriers. Brakes, gear units and motors are not required in the individual carriers as these are hauled, accelerated and braked solely by the rope. This technology is very energy-efficient, environmentally friendly and economical.
Various drive concepts exist – with or without gear unit. The drive concept is always adapted to suit the given situation.
There are many ropeway systems. Those best suited to the urban environment are continuous-movement monocable ropeways (detachable gondola lifts) with cabins for max. 10 passengers, reversible aerial tramways with cabin sizes up to 230 passengers, tricable gondola lifts with cabins for up to 34 passengers, funicular railways or Cable Liners.
Ropeway systems for the applications winter, summer, urban and material: detachable gondola and chairlifts, fixed-grip chairlifts, reversible aerial tramways, tricable gondola lifts, funicular railways, Funifors, Funitels, combination lifts, pulsed-movement aerial ropeways, surface lifts, RopeCons, Monoracks, Cable Liners, avalanche blasting ropeways and material ropeways.
The costs of implementing/building a ropeway are a fraction of the cost of other modes of transport: 1/3 that of a tramway, 1/10 that of a subway.
Every ropeway is custom-tailored to the specific project. For that reason, the costs of a ropeway installation depend very much on the individual project and the numerous design parameters such as purpose, transport capacity, vertical rise, number of stations, length, alignment, etc.
The maximum transport capacity of a ropeway is 6,000 passengers per hour and direction.
By way of comparison: To transport 10,000 passengers an hour (5,000 in each direction), you need 2,000 automobiles (fully occupied, with 5 passengers each) or 200 buses (bus capacity for 50 passengers). This, in turn, requires more space (e.g. in order to build a wider and bigger road) and produces noise and emissions.
Ropeways are environmentally friendly. They are electrically operated – with no exhaust emissions and no noise – and they have a comparatively small ecological footprint. Only cycling or walking is more environmentally friendly.
Example: 0.1 kW is consumed per km ropeway trip/passenger. This is the equivalent of blow-drying your hair for 5 minutes.
Doppelmayr/Garaventa can build virtually any ropeway system in urban spaces. The choice of system will depend on the “traffic problem” to be resolved and the requirements. Parameters such as purpose, alignment, safety, vertical meters to be climbed, availability, transport capacity, passenger groups to be carried (bikes, wheelchairs, strollers), carrier comfort, etc. are the deciding factors.
Ropeways generally optimize material and passenger flows – irrespective of whether it’s in cities, at ski resorts or in summer tourism. In addition, ropeways boost the development of tourism.
The trip time on a ropeway is short. The great advantage of a ropeway is that it can travel without being affected by other means of transport (buses, automobiles, etc.) – because it moves in an entirely different transport plane and glides above road traffic and congestion. Furthermore, the ropeway takes virtually no detours (as it moves through the air). Another factor in its favor is that a ropeway operates continuously (with no timetable and no stops).
A continuous-movement monocable ropeway runs at up to 7 m/s (25.2 km/h); a tricable gondola lift at up to 8.5 m/s (30.6 km/h). Examples from road transport: In Vienna, the average speed of road traffic is 21 km/h; in Berlin it is 18 km/h and in Stuttgart 17 km/h. This traveling time also reflects the need to respect laws and standards.
The height and architectural design of ropeway towers can be adapted to suit the relevant situation.
Tower height depends on the ropeway system, the required height above ground, tower spacing, topography and other factors. The towers in La Paz, Bolivia, for instance, are on average around 22 meters tall.
Ropeway cabins come in many sizes and variations. Depending on the ropeway system, these can hold from 6 (continuous-movement monocable ropeway) to 34 (tricable gondola lift) and as many as 230 (reversible aerial tramway) passengers. Ropeway cabins are also designed for barrier-free access and can therefore be used by everyone.
The cabins are designed to suit the respective purpose (e.g. for carrying freight as well as passengers) and to address other crucial parameters such as transport requirements (bikes, wheelchairs, strollers), desired comfort and transport capacity.
The ropeway opens up an entirely new transport plane: It travels above existing infrastructure, which can still be used for city life. Obstacles such as rivers or hills can be crossed without any difficulty. The ropeway moves independently of traffic volumes and is not held up by congestion. In addition, ropeways run continuously and therefore do not need a timetable.
Ropeways also have a host of advantages that harmonize very well with other modes of transport. This means that ropeways can broaden a city’s transport infrastructure as well as connecting up major hubs or hotspots with the transport network. As a result, they provide an ideal complement to and relief for the existing mobility system.
It takes roughly 2 years to complete a ropeway installation. In comparison with other means of transport, a ropeway project can be implemented relatively quickly.
Stations can be integrated into existing buildings, for instance, or infrastructure incorporated or built above roads. Towers require little space and can readily blend in with their surroundings. The time required to build the world’s biggest urban ropeway network in La Paz with 10 lines was roughly 6 years.
Ropeways are barrier-free. They are designed to carry all types of people – seniors, families with children, people with physical impairments, etc. – and also for transporting cargo. Cabins have no problem providing room for bicycles, wheelchairs, baby strollers, luggage and pallets. Level walk-in in the stations ensures easy access. The bigger the cabin, the greater the convenience for carrying bikes, etc.
Each ropeway project is unique and has to be considered individually. The ropeway has the advantage that it readily lends itself to meeting a wide range of requirements – it is custom-tailored to mobility needs.
For example, a ropeway line can connect major transport hubs to the network and/or extend the existing local transit infrastructure and therefore substantially relieve traffic congestion.
The first requirement that a ropeway has to meet is that of mobility. The various ropeway systems (with their different parameters) and their respective characteristics meet the needs of a mobility solution to differing degrees (barrier-free access, comfort, transport capacity, etc.). For that reason, the system has to be chosen to meet the requirements of the specific project.
The requirements to be met often point to which ropeway system would be best suited. Barrier-free access, transport capacity, structural footprint and comfort needs can already be the factors that decide which ropeway system would be the most appropriate.
Ropeways are a highly flexible mode of transport. Their structures (stations, towers) can be integrated into the existing infrastructure (houses, transport hubs, etc.) and their architecture individually designed to harmonize with the cityscape.
Ropeways can also be linked with and integrated into a local transit network (combined stations, ticketing, etc.). The towers take up little space and additional amenities like shops, info points or restrooms can be provided in the stations.